Our journey off the usual tourist trail through Israel continued today with a visit to border areas near Gaza.

Sderot is famous for being the closest Israeli town to Gaza, and the first and most frequent target. The Sderot Media Center has a wealth of information.

Sderot Satellite Map North Gaza

Because Sderot is so close, the town has only 15 seconds warning once a launch is detected. This video is from 2008:

There are bomb shelters everywhere, including on the street (see Featured Image – “Shalom” painted on a bomb shelter) and in the playground, where the bomb shelter is in the form of a large caterpillar so as to make it more welcoming to children.

Sderot Israel Children's Playground Bomb Shelter

Individual homes and apartment buildings are being retrofitted with “safe rooms” at government expense.

We met with Sderot’s security chief, David Shneor, who showed us the underground facility used during times of crisis as the town’s emergency response command center.

Sderot Security Center David Shneor

The entrance is through a bomb shelter door:

Sderot Security Center Entrance

They have a small display of rockets that landed — the rockets have grown more sophisticated, but Iron Dome knocks most of them down not. So Hamas and others have switched to mortars, for which there currently is no defensive system.

Sderot Security Center Kassam Rockets

There were controversial photos during the summer 2014 conflict showing Israeli civilians watching the fighting in Gaza from a hill on the edge of town.

We went up that hill.

Sderot Hill Overlooking Gaza

In these still photos taken with my cell phone camera, you can see just how close the border is (the first is normal view, the second 3X zoom). The groomed dirt road in the distance is the border:

Sderot View from Hill to Gaza

Sderot Israel View to Gaza

This video gives another view. The narration in English is by our Negev guide Danny Kella translating the Hebrew spoken by Schneor. Sorry for the wind noise, we filtered it out the best we could:

The nearby Karni crossing once was a major transit point for goods passing into Gaza, but was shut after repeated rocket and mortar fire from Palestinians. That is something of a metaphor for the conflict — Israel trying to facilitate the movement of goods, Hamas and other terror groups attacking the effort, and the Palestinians and “human rights” groups claiming Israel makes it too difficult for civilian goods to enter Gaza.

The Erez crossing for individuals was the target of a suicide bomber in 2004. It remains open, though with limited individual transit, such as for medical treatment in Israel.

Israel Erez Crossing Signs

Israel Erez Crossing

Erez Crossing Gate

We also went to the nearby Kibbutz Be’eri, 4 kilometers (less than 3 miles) from the border.

Kibbutz Beeri Satellite Map Gaza

The Israeli government has made a major effort to reinforce buildings and build “safe rooms” in each house.

In this photo, you can see how a children’s classroom has had a superstructure built over it; it is less obvious, but the walls also are reinforced and the windows changed.

Kibbutz Be'eri School Classroom Reinforcement

This photo shows a newly-constructed classroom building. It is designed as one big bomb shelter.

Kibbutz Be'eri New School Design

In this photo, you can see the ventilation for a “safe room” added to an existing residence.

Kibbutz Be'eri Safe Room

Bomb shelters similar to what is on the street in Sderot are being placed around the kibbutz.

Kibbutz Be'eri Bomb Shelter

The kibbutz now is enclosed by a new fence:

Kibbutz Be'eri Fencing

Kibbutz Nir Am, which is even closer to the border, has even more intense double fencing with a groomed dirt road in the middle to detect footprints (this is not the border fence):

Kibbutz fencing near Gaza border

So what does all this mean to the local population.

Obviously, it is very stressful, and protocols are in place to deal with the serious mental health impact of rocket attacks.

But by and large, people are sheltering in place, not fleeing.

Schneor told me that several years ago, some people did leave Sderot, but now the alarms and rocket fire are just part of the pattern of daily life. There are more people who want to move to Sderot than available housing. Sderot currently has 24,000 people, but plans to grow to 30,000 in five years.

The same was true at Kibbutz Be’eri, which does not have enough housing for all the adult children of members who want to live there.

In both Sderot and Kubbutz Be’eri, I repeated to leaders what Shimon Biton of Moshav Avivim on the Lebanese border told me when I asked if he wanted revenge for the 1970 school bus attack that killed his father and three first cousins, and left him in the hospital for a year.

What were his feelings over the years? Shimon felt that he had exacted revenge, but not in the way you might think.

Revenge, according to Shimon, came from the fact that “we are still here and building for another 70 families.”

Every head in the room nodded with vigorous approval. Still being there is a measure of victory.

So Israelis shelter in place, putting enormous resources into protecting the civilian population.

Meanwhile Hamas and Islamic Jihad build rockets and tunnels, caring nothing about their own civilians.