Ballotpedia is one of our favorite reference websites. It is like Wikipedia for politics, but more in-depth and reliable.

Ballotpedia just released a statistical analysis of federal judicial vacancies as Trump enters office, and likely to become available during his term.

That takes on great importance given that Democrats in 2013 busted the filibuster (“went nuclear”) for judicial nominees below the Supreme Court level, and even as to the Supreme Court it’s likely Republicans might go nuclear. So to the extent federal judicial vacancies currently exist or become available in the next four years, Trump should be unstoppable in filling those seats (unless Republicans lose the Senate in 2018, which is unlikely).

We pointed out the magnitude of this late last year, Dems’ Nuclear Option will allow Trump to fill over 100 court vacancies quickly.

A Ballotpedia press release highlights its findings:

When Trump takes office, 12.41 percent of all life-term judicial positions will be vacant, and by the end of his first term, Trump could see vacancies in up to 50.3 percent of these positions.

This chart shows vacancies at the start of Trump’s term in comparison to other presidents:

Here is the intro to the full report, getting deeper into details (emphasis added):

At the start of his presidential term of office, President-elect Donald Trump inherits a large number of vacancies in the federal judiciary. When Trump assumes office on January 20, 2017, of the 870 life-term Article III federal judgeships, he inherits 108 vacancies. According to the Administrative Office of U.S. Courts, as of January 12, 2017, an additional 13 judges have announced their intention to leave active judicial status between January 20 and December 31, 2017.[1]

Ballotpedia examined the state of the federal judiciary at the start of Trump’s term and compared that data with his five immediate predecessors. We also explored the potential for judicial openings during Trump’s first term of office.


  • Of the 870 life-term federal judicial positions, Trump inherits 108 vacancies. Not since Bill Clinton has an incoming president had the opportunity to fill this many life-term appointments to Article III courts at the start of an administration. For a breakdown of these numbers by presidency, please see: Vacancies by term.
  • The 108 vacancies represent roughly one in every eight life-term judicial positions (12.41%).
  • Over half, or approximately 438, judges currently serving in these 870 positions will be eligible to take senior status, thereby creating a judicial vacancy, by the end of 2020. This means there is a possibility that 50.3 percent of life-term appointments could be vacant by the end of Trump’s first term.

Ballotpedia goes on to point out that there is not certainty that all of the judges eligible for senior status will take it. Also, many of the vacancies would be for judges appointed by Republicans. But still, the numbers should have liberals scared:

In addition to the 108 current Article III vacancies that Trump will inherit, another 172 judges will be eligible to take senior status by January 20, 2017, and an additional 47 judges will be eligible in the 2017 calendar year. Counting existing vacancies and judges who could possibly take senior status, there could be as many as 438 vacancies by December 31, 2020.[8] Certainly not every judge who is eligible to take senior status will choose to do so, but of the 870 eligible Article III positions we’ve reviewed here, the fact that 108 are vacant and another 219 are filled by judges eligible to take a semi-retired position in 2017 suggests that a large percentage of the federal judiciary may be aging out in the near future.

That said, most federal judges who will be eligible to take senior status in Trump’s first term were appointed by Republican presidents. Most judges appointed to their first federal judicial position by President Barack Obama will not meet the years of service requirement to take senior status during Trump’s first term. Recall that a judge must serve at least 10 years to take senior status, and even then the judge must be 70 years old in order to do so under the Rule of 80. Certainly, federal district court judges who were elevated by President Obama to a circuit court or, in Sonia Sotomayor’s case, the Supreme Court, may be eligible given their combined years of judicial service, but most federal court judges first appointed by President Obama won’t be eligible.

We did, however, run the numbers to see how many of those judges who are or will be eligible for senior status were appointed by Democratic or Republican presidents. That data is broken down by circuit and district courts below. The data show that the majority of both circuit and district judges who could take senior status during the next four years were GOP nominees.

There are a lot more details and stats in the Ballotpedia report.

This is worst case scenario for liberals, but even non-worst case is pretty bad.

Having lost the House, Senate and presidency, and being devastated at the state level, Democrats/liberals risk losing the judiciary as well. And they have Harry Reid and the other Democrats who went nuclear in 2013 to thank for it.


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