The ongoing drama in the Michael Dunn “loud music” murder trial over whether jailhouse phone recordings should be released to the media has taken yet another turn.

Yesterday the 1st District Court of Appeals once again felt compelled to step in–now for the third time–to reverse the Healey’s Wednesday ruling tossing the matter to civil court, and to demand an emergency hearing of all parties. (I haven’t yet seen yesterday’s 1st DCA ruling, so I don’t know if it literally says, “Get in our courtroom, NOW!” but I wouldn’t be the least surprised.)

In addition, they’ve ordered that Healey’s immediate superior, Chief Judge Donald Mora, appoint yet another judge to hold an evidentiary hearing on whether the State’s estimated cost (~$6,300) for redaction of the recordings is reasonable, taking the matter out of Healey’s hands. (A kind interpretation of this last would be that they recognize Healey will be busy with jury selection for the start of the Dunn trial on Monday.)

Some brief history of this discovery drama may provide useful context. Keep in mind, the existence of the phone recordings was known to all parties as long ago as October 2013, and the media has been demanding access to them since that time.

Michael Dunn interviewed by police following "loud music" shooting of Jordan Davis

Michael Dunn interviewed by police following “loud music” shooting of Jordan Davis

As we noted in our blog January 8 post on the case:

The Court overseeing the Dunn trial has, over the course of 2013 [and now 2014], entered a variety of orders suppressing the release of various discovery evidence. to the media Specifically:

On April 1, 2013, Judge Bass (then presiding [the first judge assigned]) entered an order sealing the names of witnesses revealed during discovery.

On August 1, 2013, Judge Healey (having replaced Cooper, who had replaced Bass) extended the April 1 order to the date of trial.

On October 24, 2013, Judge Healey entered, sua sponte (meaning, on its own initiative), an order restricting public access to various discovery. Of particular concern to the judge, apparently, was some content of letters written by Dunn while in jail. Healey explained that he believed these portions could be perceived as racially inflammatory and undermine Dunn’s ability to obtain a fair trial.

Incidentally, all of these orders to suppress discovery and deny it to the media were made without any prior notice to the media, without any evidentiary hearing, and without any opportunity for the media to respond to the court’s orders—all steps that are required by law before discovery materials can be closed from the public view.
As one would expect, the media did not take kindly to all this discovery material being withheld from them, and so on October 28, 2013 they asked permission of the court to be qualified as Intervenors—in other words, as a party that could argue motions before the court even though they represented neither the State nor the defense.

When this status was granted by the court, the media filed a motion to have Judge Healey’s October 24 motion vacated. A hearing on this motion was held on November 7, 2013, with the result that the media’s request to have the October 24 motion vacated was denied by Judge Healey [on November 19]. The media representatives would then go on to appeal the matter to the 1st District Court of Appeals (1st DCA), which oversees Judge Healey’s court.

(The November 7 hearing was bizarre in its own right, as described in detail here: Next Florida self-defense trial: Loud music, teens in a car and a shooting.)

The media responded to Healey’s denial by immediately appealing to the 1st District Court of Appeals, which has the authority to review and reduce Healey’s rulings in the Circuit Court. The DCA hearing was held on December 18, and the resulting order from the DCA vacated both Healey’s November 19 and October 25 orders denying discovery evidence to the media.

In addition, in its December the DCA ordered that Healey:

[I]mmediately convene an evidentiary hearing . . . [to] determine whether closure [denial to media] . . . in this case is warranted by law. . . Following the hearing, the trial court shall promptly enter an order, stating with specificity its findings of fact and its reasons for granting or denying closure in the matter. Any part or intervenor adversely affected by such order may file a timely petition for review with this court.

Click here to read the 1st DCA ruling on the matter.

Back in Healey’s court, however, not much seemed to be happening vis a vis the media’s demands for the phone recordings, and on January 7 the media intervenors again felt compelled to take the DCA up on its offer to come back if the matter wasn’t resolved to their liking. Their motion to the DCA can be read here.

Michael Dunn, defendant in Florida 'loud music" murder trial in shooting of Jordan Davis

Michael Dunn, defendant in Florida ‘loud music” murder trial in shooting of Jordan Davis

On Friday, January 24, Healey ruled on a motion from Dunn’s defense counsel asking that he continue to deny the phone recordings to the media. He denied the motion, and ruled that the recordings should be released, stating explicitly that “this Court now orders that the witness information and jail calls be made available to the public.” (We reported on these events here: Media granted access to evidence in FL gas station teen murder case.)

Finally, done deal, right? Nope.

 

Angela Corey, Florida State prosecutor overseeing the Michael Dunn "loud music" prosecution

Angela Corey, Florida State prosecutor overseeing the Michael Dunn “loud music” prosecution

On the Monday following Healey’s January 24 ruling the State repeated its long-standing condition that it would only release the recordings to the media if the media paid ~$6,500 to cover the costs in having them redacted — and, oh, by the way, it would take 10 weeks for the redaction process, whereas the trial was starting the following Monday, February 3. The media refused, and an impasse was reached. (We reported on these events here: “Loud Music” Murder Trial: Discovery Held Hostage, or Media Being Stingy?)

As if that wasn’t enough, on Tuesday Healey appeared to spin a legal bearing and decide that it wasn’t his role, after all, to determine whether the phone recordings should be released and under what circumstances. The whole matter had become, he decided, a civil matter that ought to be decided in a civil court. (We reported on these events here: Yet Another Discovery Twist in the “Loud Music” Murder Trial.)

Circuit Judge Russell Healey, presiding over Florida "loud music" murder trial

Circuit Judge Russell Healey, presiding over Florida “loud music” murder trial

(Still with me?)

As a result of Healey’s abrupt reversal, the 1st District Court of Appeals has felt itself compelled to step in for the third time over what should really have been a trivial matter of discovery evidence release under Florida’s open records law. In my most recent post on this matter I closed with the observation that:

One can’t help but imagine that nobody is more surprised by this sudden proposal to toss the matter into the laps of the civil courts than the 1st District Court of Appeals. Their response to these events, if made public, should make lively reading.

Given the DCA’s actions yesterday in promptly reversing Healey’s Wednesday decision to toss the matter to civil court, in ordering Healey’s judge to assign yet another judge to handle the discovery release matter, and to order an emergency hearing of all parties on the matter, it appears that I may have been correct.

(We’ll add yesterday’s DCA order to this post as soon as it becomes available to us.)


Andrew F. Branca is an MA lawyer and the author of the seminal book “The Law of Self Defense, 2nd Edition,” available at the Law of Self Defense blog, Amazon.com (paperback and Kindle), Barnes & Noble (paperback and Nook), and elsewhere.